.TIF File Extension
File Type 1Tagged Image File
What is a TIF file?
A TIF file contains an image saved in the Tagged Image File Format (TIFF), a high-quality graphics format. It is often used for storing images with many colors, typically digital photos, and includes support for layers and multiple pages.
The TIFF format was created in the mid-1980s to be a universal image format for different computer platforms and document scanners. The format became popular among professionals in the publishing industry, including photographers and graphic artists. The popularity of the format was partially due to its ability to be edited and re-saved without losing image quality.
TIF files can be saved in an uncompressed (lossless) format or may incorporate .JPEG (lossy) compression. They may also use LZW lossless compression, which reduces the TIF file size but does not reduce the quality of the image.
TIF files are supported by a variety of image viewing and editing programs. You can use Microsoft Photos in Windows, which comes bundled with the operating system. If you are a macOS user, you can use Apple Preview, which comes bundled with the system.
NOTE: TIF files may also use the .TIFF extension.
Programs that open TIF files
File Type 2GeoTIFF Image
.TIF File Association 2
TIFF-compliant geospatial image file created in the GeoTIFF format; contains geographic or cartographic data embedded as tags within the file; enables users to embed GIS data in the file without deviating from the TIFF (Tagged Image File Format) format.
Since GeoTIFF files contain coordinates, GIS applications can map specific regions of the raster image to latitude and longitude coordinates.
NOTE: The GeoTIFF format uses the extensible features of the TIFF specification to add tagged metadata to the image.