.TEXT File Extension

Plain Text File

Developer N/A
3.6  |  142 Votes

What is a TEXT file?

A TEXT file is a simple text document that contains unformatted ASCII text. It can be opened and edited in any text editor or word processor. TEXT files are more commonly saved as .TXT files.

More Information

Screenshot of a .text file in Microsoft Notepad
TEXT file open in Microsoft Notepad

TEXT files store text that can be viewed and edited in Microsoft Notepad, Apple TextEdit, and other text editors. Unlike .RTF, .DOCX, and .PAGES files, TEXT files cannot include advanced formatting, such as bolding, italicization, font styles, and text alignment.

Because TEXT files cannot include formatting, they typically contain only basic information, such as notes, step-by-step instructions, and program information logs. Software developers may also package TEXT files with games and tools they distribute to contain instructions or other information about the software.

Users who need to create more complicated text documents, such as resumes, reports, letters, or flyers, typically do not save those documents as TEXT files. Instead, they use Microsoft Word or Apple Pages to create and save documents as DOCX or PAGES files.

How to open a TEXT file

You can open a TEXT file in any text editor and most popular web browsers. Below, you'll find platform-specific instructions for opening TEXT files.

How do I open a TEXT file in Windows?

In Windows, you can open a TEXT file in Microsoft Notepad or Microsoft WordPad, both of which come included with Windows. To open a TEXT file in Notepad:

  1. From the Windows Start menu, select Windows Accessories → Notepad.
  2. After Notepad opens, select File → Open....
  3. Navigate to and open your TEXT file.

How do I open a TEXT file on a Mac?

In macOS, you can open a TEXT file in Apple TextEdit, which comes included with the operating system. To open a TEXT file in TextEdit:

  1. From the Finder or Launchpad, open TextEdit.
  2. In the file browser window that appears, navigate to and open your TEXT file.

How do I open a TEXT file in Chrome OS?

On Chromebooks, you can open a TEXT file in Google Chrome Text, which comes included with Chrome OS. To open a TEXT file in Google Chrome Text:

  1. Open the Chrome OS Launcher. Then, open Google Chrome Text.
  2. Select Google Chrome Text's Open button.
  3. Navigate to and open your TEXT file.

How do I open a TEXT file in my web browser?

The Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, and Microsoft Edge web browsers all allow users to open TEXT files. Keep in mind, however, that you will not be able to edit your TEXT file in a web browser.

In Chrome and Firefox, you can simply drag and drop your file into a browser window to open it. In Microsoft Edge, you must copy and paste your file's location into Edge's address bar to open the file.

Open over 400 file formats with File Viewer Plus.Free Download

Programs that open TEXT files

Windows EXE Binary Machine Code File

Developer Microsoft
4.0  |  4 Votes

A .text file is a binary machine code file included in a Windows executable (.EXE) file. Unlike plain text TEXT files, binary TEXT files contain processor-specific machine instructions an executable file uses when run.

More Information

Contents (including a .text file) extracted from an EXE file
Contents (including a .text file) extracted from an EXE file

Since binary TEXT files are packaged in EXE files, you are most likely to encounter them when you extract an EXE file's contents with an archive utility (e.g., 7-Zip). While not all EXE files contain TEXT files, most modern EXE files (saved in the Portable Executable format) do.

For example, if you extract an EXE file's contents, you may encounter these files:

  • .text - Stores binary machine code for running the portable executable.
  • .reloc - Stores information for how the portable executable is loaded and run in memory (.RELOC).
  • .rsrc - Stores information about resources used by the portable executable.

NOTE: Mac and Linux executables can also include TEXT files. These TEXT files also contain binary machine instructions, saved in platform-specific formats.

Common TEXT Filenames

.text - Binary TEXT files are unnamed; only the .text file extension is present.

How to open a TEXT file

Binary TEXT files are not meant to be opened. Instead, Windows executables (.EXE files) reference binary TEXT files when run.

Programs that open or reference TEXT files


Verified by FileInfo.com

The FileInfo.com team has independently researched all file formats and software programs listed on this page. Our goal is 100% accuracy and we only publish information about file types that we have verified.

If you would like to suggest any additions or updates to this page, please let us know.