.ICO File Extension

Icon File

Developer Microsoft
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What is an ICO file?

An ICO file contains an icon, which is typically used to represent a Windows program, file, or folder. It stores one or more images in various sizes so they can be appropriately scaled depending on their use. ICO files are similar to .CUR files, which are also used in Windows, and .ICNS files, which are used in macOS.

More Information

Screenshot of a .ico file in Apple Preview 11
ICO file open in Apple Preview 11

All icons for executable files in Windows are saved in the ICO format. Windows ICO files typically store images ranging from 16x16 to 256x256 pixels. Older ICO files only include images up to 48x48 (the dimensions Windows previously recommended). However, most newer icons store images up to 256x256 to accommodate screens with higher DPI.

Each image in an ICO file with less than 32 bits of color depth stores two bitmaps: 1) the AND bitmap - the image mask (which determines what part of the icon is transparent) and 2) the XOR bitmap - contains the icon which is mapped onto the image mask. Images with 32 bits of color are 24-bit images with 8-bit channels for alpha compositing purposes.

Common ICO Filenames

favicon.ico - File used to store a small website logo that may appear in various areas of a web browser, including the address bar, website bookmark, and webpage tab. If a website has a favicon image, it will appear to the left of the web address when any page of the website is loaded. The favicon.ico image file must be 16x16 pixels and stored in the root directory of the website in order for the web browser to recognize it.

How to open an ICO file

You can open ICO files with various applications in Windows, macOS, Linux, Android, and iOS.

In Windows:

  • Microsoft Photos (bundled with Windows)
  • Microsoft Paint (bundled with Windows)
  • GIMP (multiplatform)

In macOS:

Other programs that open ICO files include Google Photos (multiplatform), IrfanView, and ACD Systems ACDSee Photo Studio.

How to set an ICO file as a Windows shortcut icon

In Windows, you can set any ICO file as the icon for a shortcut (such as a desktop shortcut). To do so:

  1. Right-click the shortcut.
  2. Select Show more options → Properties.
  3. In the Shortcut Properties window, go to the Shortcut tab and select Change Icon... .
  4. In the Change Icon window, navigate to and select your ICO file.
  5. Click OK.
  6. In the Shortcut Properties window, click OK.

The ICO file you chose will then appear as your shortcut's icon.

Open and view .ICO files with File Viewer Plus.Free Download

Programs that open or reference ICO files

Apple Preview Lemkesoft GraphicConverter Inkscape GIMP Snap Converter
Chrome OS

Verified by FileInfo.com

The FileInfo.com team has independently researched the Icon file format and Mac, Windows, Linux, Android, and iOS apps listed on this page. Our goal is 100% accuracy and we only publish information about file types that we have verified.

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