.ICNS File Extension
macOS Icon Resource File
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What is an ICNS file?
An ICNS file is an icon file used by macOS applications. It stores one or more images, which are often created from .PNG files, and supports 1-bit and 8-bit alpha channels. ICNS files are primarily used for displaying the application icon in the macOS Finder and in the macOS dock.
ICNS files are generally located within the Contents/Resources/ directory inside the application package. They are also referenced by the application's .PLIST file (Info.plist) using the CFBundleIconFile property.
macOS icon files can be viewed with the Apple Preview program included with macOS. ICNS files support icon images of 16x16, 32x32, 48x48, 128x128, 256x256, and 512x512 pixels, as well as 1024x1024 pixels as of Mac OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion.
NOTE: ICNS files are similar to .ICO files used to store icons in Windows.