.EPS File Extension

Encapsulated PostScript File

Developer Adobe Systems
3.7  |  387 Votes

What is an EPS file?

An EPS file is a vector graphic saved in the Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) format. It contains PostScript-formatted image data, ideal for scaling high-resolution images, and may include bitmap image data and text. EPS files also store a low-resolution embedded bitmap image for previewing the graphic.

More Information

Screenshot of a .eps file in Adobe Illustrator 2022
EPS file open in Adobe Illustrator 2022

Adobe developed the EPS format in the late 1980s to become a standard for exchanging images across different platforms and devices. While various applications and users adopted the format, other image formats overshadowed it, such as .JPEG and .PNG.

Although EPS never became as widely used as Adobe intended, graphics professionals commonly save their artwork in the format, such as icons and drawings. For example, graphic designers often use professional vector image editors, such as Adobe Illustrator or Serif Affinity Designer, to save artwork as EPS files for large print jobs (e.g., posters, banners, and billboard advertisements) because of the format's scalability.

How to open an EPS file

You can open an EPS file with various image editors, including Adobe Illustrator, QuarkXpress, and Serif Affinity Designer. For example, to open an EPS file with Illustrator, select File → Open.

Some other options include GIMP, which is a free cross-platform image editor, and CorelDRAW Graphics Suite, which is available for Windows and macOS.

How to convert an EPS file

Various applications, including Adobe Illustrator, Corel PaintShop Pro, and Corel PaintShop Pro, can convert EPS files to other formats.

For example, Adobe Illustrator can convert EPS files to the following formats:

  • .JPG - JPEG Image
  • .PNG - Portable Network Graphic
  • .TIF - Tagged Image File Format
  • .DWG - AutoCAD Drawing
  • .DXF - Drawing Exchange Format File
  • .EMF - Enhanced Windows Metafile
  • .BMP - Bitmap Image
  • .SVG - Scalable Vector Graphic
  • .PDF - Portable Document Format
  • .AI - Adobe Illustrator Artwork
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Programs that open EPS files

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